The original Service records contain more detailed information about an individual's service. No, typically one or more of these documents would be used to provide as much information as possible.
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However, in the absence of these preferred forms, other official documents held by the Department of Defence or other institutions such as the National Archives of Australia or the Australian War Memorial may be used to gather supporting information. There is no single source of data, such as the Service record, for civilians.
Therefore only the name and type of participation is displayed. The data was collected from a number of sources including: Australian Maritime Safety Authority for merchant seamen; Department of the Army; Department of Administrative Affairs for medical teams; Department of Foreign Affairs; Philanthropic Organisations whose members served in Vietnam; Qantas; and The Soldiers Career Management Agency for war correspondents and entertainers.
The Nominal Rolls team. If you are aware of an error or omission, please let us know. All information is verified against Department of Defence documentation before the Roll is updated. Reunification was not achieved until, after nearly two decades of war, it was forcibly imposed with the military victory of Communist North Vietnam in April As the French withdrew from the region in the mid s, US support for South Vietnam was stepped up. This was an important development, as in the North Vietnamese sanctioned, and then subsequently supported, a Communist insurgency to destabilise the government and eventually mount a revolution in South Vietnam.
The US, Australia and several other countries declared their support for South Vietnam and, in the face of mounting guerrilla successes, soon found themselves under pressure to increase their support by providing direct military assistance to the South Vietnamese.
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After several overtures, in December the Republic of Vietnam requested Australian military assistance. After consulting with the Defence Committee and the Americans, Prime Minister Menzies agreed to commit a small number of Australian troops. On 24 May the Government announced the dispatch of military advisers to assist in the training of South Vietnamese forces.
The only other Australian military involvement at this stage was a single transport aircraft of the Royal Australian Air Force RAAF that was sent in with food and medical supplies for refugees. The AATTV continued in its role of training South Vietnamese troops, and in June the Australian Government announced that the unit would be expanded and that henceforth, advisors could serve in combatant units. With pressure coming from the Americans as well as the South Vietnamese for an increased military commitment, the Australian Government made a key decision to boost the strength of its military forces.
This would provide for an increased commitment in Vietnam and also meet other national and regional defence needs. On 10 November , the National Service Conscription Act was passed to reintroduce national service. Whilst this decision was not specifically related to the Vietnam War, the war was a large factor-men conscripted for a period of two years were liable to be sent to Vietnam as well as other locations.
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The first ballot for National Service was drawn in March , with the first intake beginning recruit training that June. In early , the Australian Government agreed to dispatch an infantry battalion to South Vietnam. This was the first use of Qantas charters to move troops into and out of South Vietnam, and 'skippy flights', as they came to be known, would continue at regular intervals almost until the end of Australia's commitment to the war.
It was soon built up to a battalion group with artillery, armoured personnel carriers, army aviation and logistical support units. The battalion group saw some heavy fighting, suffering twenty-three men killed during its one-year tour of duty.
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In March , the Australian Government announced the deployment of a larger force. This area was allocated to the Australians after negotiations with the South Vietnamese and Americans-Phuoc Tuy was away from the Cambodian border and areas in the north where fighting was expected to be heavier, and it was on the coast, which would enable the Australians to control their own logistical support with deliveries by sea as well as air. During operations to secure the area, the Task Force suffered its first battle death on 24 May, when Private Errol Noack of 5RAR died of wounds-he was also the first National Serviceman to lose his life on active service.
At the same time as the operational base was established, the 1st Australian Logistic Support Group established the logistical base on the coast at Vung Tau. In heavy fighting at Xa Long Tan, 'D' Company held out for several hours until a relief force reached them.
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The Australians lost eighteen men killed-seventeen from 'D' Company and one from the relief force-and twenty-four wounded, while inflicting at least dead on the North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong force. This battle asserted Australian dominance on Phuoc Tuy. The Australians' presence in the province was not seriously challenged again, but control of Phuoc Tuy required constant and determined operations by 1ATF both inside the Province and also sometimes in areas of neighbouring Provinces, especially in during the enemy's Tet and other offensives.
Some supporting units also served one-year rotations, while other units were deployed to Vietnam for several years, with the personnel rotated through on deployments of up to one year. In addition, several ground units essential for logistical support and for construction and maintenance of airfields, such as No.
A small number of Australian pilots were also attached to US squadrons, usually as forward air controllers. Throughout the course of the main Australian deployment, Hercules aircraft from Nos 36 and 37 Squadrons based at Richmond, New South Wales, made regular supply flights into South Vietnam and, with staff of No. At the same time, Qantas aircraft chartered by the military delivered many troops at the start of their tours and brought home many whose tours had finished.
Across the border in Thailand, between and , No. This involved maintaining the highest sustainable armed air defence alert of Alert State Five from dawn to dusk seven days a week. Some Australian Army personnel served in Sydney on liaison duties, as the ship mainly carried army personnel and materiel to and from the war zone, while a small number of merchant seamen served alongside naval personnel in Jeparit and Boonaroo. The 'Vung Tau ferry', as Sydney became known, also returned with units that had completed their tours and later evacuated equipment as the Australian commitment was wound down.
The warships patrolled coastal waters and took part in naval bombardments. On shore, the first unit deployed was Clearance Diving Team 3, which examined vessels for mines and conducted de-mining operations in harbours and rivers and on land. Australian civilians also served in the operational area, following patterns set in previous wars.
Members of philanthropic organisations, such as the Australian Red Cross, Salvation Army and the YMCA, served with military units in several roles including supporting medical and nursing staffs in the care of hospital patients, distributing 'comforts' to dispersed units, and offering religious guidance and moral support. Other civilians served in the logistical support role, including merchant seamen on the supply ships HMAS Jeparit and Boonaroo, and Qantas flight crews on military-chartered 'skippy flights' that carried personnel into and out of South Vietnam. There were also performers and technicians flown in to entertain the troops, Department of Defence and other public servants, contractors, and the like.
Raised by hospitals around Australia, they delivered medical services and aid to the Vietnamese people. After the enemy's Tet Offensive in , support for the war diminished. Anti-war movements had begun in the USA and Australia, and protests intensified. This was achieved over the following year.
Only a small number of Australian troops then remained in South Vietnam. A ceasefire was announced on 27 January This enabled American and allied forces to complete their withdrawals.
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With American and allied, including Australian, forces withdrawn from the war, an uneasy truce existed between North and South Vietnam. On 4 January , after violations of the ceasefire by both sides, South Vietnam declared that the war was restarted. Without American military support, South Vietnamese forces struggled to contain an enemy offensive.
By March , North Vietnamese forces were advancing on Saigon. Meanwhile, Khmer Rouge forces seized control of neighbouring Cambodia. They delivered Red Cross and United Nations supplies and evacuated embassy officials and their families, foreign nationals and some refugees, namely war orphans evacuated from Saigon to Bangkok in Operation Baby Lift. Australia's military involvement in the war ended on 25 April with the last Hercules flights into and out of Saigon. On 30 April , North Vietnamese forces captured Saigon.
This effectively ended the Vietnam War, which had raged across the country, and into Cambodia and Laos, for nearly two decades-if the First Indo-China War is included, the area had been torn by conflict for almost thirty years. The Department of Veterans' Affairs would like to display here the names of the ships' crews during this visit. Magnum P. The stories' new themes include ones of love, loss, greed, revenge and murder. She protects his secret as the two reconnect and begin to investigate his origins, but when a violent attack and long-standing government cover-up point to a greater alien presence on Earth, the politics of fear and hatred threaten to expose him and destroy their deepening romance.
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