Proponents of the Common Core, including U. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, emphasize the need to imitate some countries with high-ranking education systems by creating consistent assessments across the country that measure student progress through open-ended and research-based questions. Yet the authors of the Common Core are clear: the success of the standards hinges on the increased collection of student data—including demographics and postsecondary education performance—from preschool through the workforce.
Additionally, in , the U. The new data systems are not confined to public school students. FERPA does not currently protect homeschooling families in states where families must submit documentation of intent to homeschool. Massive new databases are already being built. Combined with the changes to FERPA, the implementation of the Common Core is unleashing what is arguably the most comprehensive tracking of citizens that America has ever seen. But several prominent conservatives are also backing the Common Core.
Supporters of the Common Core such as Chester E. Finn, Jr. The final argument—standardization—hinges on the premise that one textbook, or just a few aligned with the Common Core, would be an improvement over the numerous and varied textbooks available today. William Bennett, secretary of education under Ronald Reagan and founder of K12 Online Learning, adds a sociological component to the standardization argument by presuming that the common knowledge imparted by the Common Core will lead to more fervent national discussions.
Education professionals, policy analysts, and government officials center their critiques of the Common Core on four points. First, the standards are academically deficient. Three of five members of the Common Core Validation Committee who refused to validate the standards have published reports condemning their academic merit. The second argument against the Common Core is that the standards will not repair the broken education system. Brookings Institute policy analyst Grover Whitehurst observes that high academic standards and high student achievement are not connected.
Third, critics of the Common Core condemn the way the standards are being implemented. See Robert S.
Eitel and Kent D. Consult general and specialized reference materials e. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase e. Interpret figures of speech e. Use the relationship between particular words to better understand each of the words. Distinguish among the connotations associations of words with similar denotations definitions e. Reading History Key Ideas and Details Craft and Structure Integration of Knowledge and Ideas Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity Writing History Text Types and Purposes Introduce claim s about a topic or issue.
Support claim s with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence that demonstrate an understanding of the topic or text, using credible sources. Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information into broader categories as appropriate to achieving purpose; include formatting e. Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone. Production and Distribution of Writing Research to Build and Present Knowledge Range of Writing Share This Page.
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- Foundational Skills.
Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text. Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.
Compare and contrast the structure of two or more texts and analyze how the differing structure of each text contributes to its meaning and style. Analyze how differences in the points of view of the characters and the audience or reader e. Analyze the extent to which a filmed or live production of a story or drama stays faithful to or departs from the text or script, evaluating the choices made by the director or actors.
Key Ideas and Details
Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of grades 6—8 text complexity band independently and proficiently. Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to supporting ideas; provide an objective summary of the text.
- English Language Arts Standards » Reading: Literature » Grade 7.
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Analyze how a text makes connections among and distinctions between individuals, ideas, or events e. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts. Analyze in detail the structure of a specific paragraph in a text, including the role of particular sentences in developing and refining a key concept. Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using different mediums e.
Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced.
Common Core and Student News Daily
Analyze a case in which two or more texts provide conflicting information on the same topic and identify where the texts disagree on matters of fact or interpretation. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction at the high end of the grades 6—8 text complexity band independently and proficiently. Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
Side-by-Side Analysis of the Oklahoma Academic Standards for ELA Grades K-5
With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas efficiently as well as to interact and collaborate with others.
Conduct short research projects to answer a question including a self-generated question , drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.
Production and Distribution of Writing
Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. Write routinely over extended time frames time for research, reflection, and revision and shorter time frames a single sitting or a day or two for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions one-on-one. Analyze the purpose of information presented in diverse media and formats e.
Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with relevant evidence, sound valid reasoning, and well-chosen details; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.
English Language Arts Standards » Science & Technical Subjects » Grade 6-8
Integrate multimedia and visual displays into presentations to clarify information, strengthen claims and evidence, and add interest. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words or phrases based on grade 8 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language. Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.
Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. Integrate visual information e. Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.